Document Type: Research/Original/Regular Article


1 Department of Computer Engineering, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.


One of the most important and typical application of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is target tracking. Although target tracking, can provide benefits for large-scale WSNs and organize them into clusters but tracking a moving target in cluster-based WSNs suffers a boundary problem. The main goal of this paper was to introduce an efficient and novel mobility management protocol namely Target Tracking Based on Virtual Grid (TTBVG), which integrates on-demand dynamic clustering into a cluster- based WSN for target tracking. This protocol converts on-demand dynamic clusters to scalable cluster-based WSNs, by using boundary nodes and facilitates sensors’ collaboration around clusters. In this manner, each sensor node has the probability of becoming a cluster head and apperceives the tradeoff between energy consumption and local sensor collaboration in cluster-based sensor networks. The simulation results of this study demonstrated that the efficiency of the proposed protocol in both one-hop and multi-hop cluster-based sensor networks.


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