Document Type : Review Article

Authors

Department of Computer Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

10.22044/jadm.2021.9936.2127

Abstract

Battery power limitation of sensor nodes (SNs) is a major challenge for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) which affects network survival. Thus, optimizing the energy consumption of the SNs as well as increasing the lifetime of the SNs and thus, extending the lifetime of WSNs are of crucial importance in these types of networks. Mobile chargers (MCs) and wireless power transfer (WPT) technologies have played an important long role in WSNs, and much research has been done on how to use the MC to enhance the performance of WSNs in recent decades. In this paper, we first review the application of MCs and WPT technologies in WSNs. Then, forwarding issues the MC has been considered in the role of power transmitter in WSNs and the existing approaches are categorized, with the purposes and limitations of MC dispatching studied. Then an overview of the existing articles is presented and to better understand the contents, tables and figures are offered that summarize the existing methods. We examine them in different dimensions such as advantages and disadvantages etc. Finally, the future prospects of MC are discussed.

Keywords

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