Document Type: Research/Original/Regular Article


1 Department of Computer, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Qom 3749113191, Iran.

2 Department of Telecommunications, Kashan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashan, Iran.



Multi-view face detection in open environments is a challenging task, due to the wide variations in illumination, face appearances and occlusion. In this paper, a robust method for multi-view face detection in open environments, using a combination of Gabor features and neural networks, is presented. Firstly, the effect of changing the Gabor filter parameters (orientation, frequency, standard deviation, aspect ratio and phase offset) for an image is analysed, secondly, the range of Gabor filter parameter values is determined and finally, the best values for these parameters are specified. A multilayer feedforward neural network with a back-propagation algorithm is used as a classifier. The input vector is obtained by convolving the input image and a Gabor filter, with both the angle and frequency values equal to π/2. The proposed algorithm is tested on 1,484 image samples with simple and complex backgrounds. The experimental results show that the proposed detector achieves great detection accuracy, by comparing it with several popular face-detection algorithms, such as OpenCV’s Viola-Jones detector.