Document Type : Original/Review Paper


1 Faculty of Information Technology and Computer Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran.

2 Department of Computer Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran.



Since, most of the organizations present their services electronically, the number of functionally-equivalent web services is increasing as well as the number of users that employ those web services. Consequently, plenty of information is generated by the users and the web services that lead to the users be in trouble in finding their appropriate web services. Therefore, it is required to provide a recommendation method for predicting the quality of web services (QoS) and recommending web services. Most of the existing collaborative filtering approaches don’t operate efficiently in recommending web services due to ignoring some effective factors such as dependency among users/web services, the popularity of users/web services, and the location of web services/users. In this paper, a web service recommendation method called Popular-Dependent Collaborative Filtering (PDCF) is proposed. The proposed method handles QoS differences experienced by the users as well as the dependency among users on a specific web service using the user/web service dependency factor. Additionally, the user/web service popularity factor is considered in the PDCF that significantly enhances its effectiveness. We also proposed a location-aware method called LPDCF which considers the location of web services into the recommendation process of the PDCF. A set of experiments is conducted to evaluate the performance of the PDCF and investigating the impression of the matrix factorization model on the efficiency of the PDCF with two real-world datasets. The results indicate that the PDCF outperforms other competing methods in most cases.


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